Criminal intent in cases of drug possession
When the Crown alleges importation or possession of a specific illegal drug, it only needs to show that the accused knew she was in possession of an illegal drug in a generic sense to meet the mens rea criteria. It does not have the burden of demonstrating knowledge of the particular drug named in the accusation.
Appreciating contradicting testimony: « He said, she said »
Since memory is not infallible, there are situations where the judge must evaluate the credibility of two witnesses providing opposing versions. What rules must the judge abide by in such circumstances?